The carbon footprint of a product may be seen as a balance sheet of greenhouse gas emissions and removals (transfers to and from the atmosphere) and because these balance sheets usually cover more than CO2, the units of reporting are usually CO2 equivalents. At Canfor Pulp we have decided to follow the “Ten-Toe” model developed by the Confederation of European Paper Industries (CEPI). The framework looks at direct and indirect emissions, carbon sequestration in forests and in products, the value of bio-energy and the concept of avoided emissions and proposes a common approach to deal with them.
The ten toes of the CEPI framework allow clear numbers to be generated which result in the presentation of a carbon footprint that is meaningful and allows paper buyers to understand the carbon footprint of each product.
The 10 toes of CEPI's Carbon Footprint are as follows:
- Carbon sequestration in forests
- Carbon in forest products
- Greenhouse gas emissions from forest product manufacturing facilities
- Greenhouse gas emissions associated with producing fibre
- Greenhouse gas emissions associated with producing other raw materials/fuels
- Greenhouse gas emissions associated with purchased sources of power
- Transport-related greenhouse gas emissions
- Emissions associated with product use
- Emissions associated with product end-of-life
- Avoided emissions and offsets